Ground anchors are used to prevent horizontal movement by transferring the tensile load through grouted tendons installed to depth when stabilising retaining structures. Anchors can be used across a wide range of structures for both temporary and permanent support of new and existing embedded retaining walls, excavation support, rock faces, tunnel support, marine structures, slope and embankment stabilisation – and so much more.
These retaining structures can include steel sheet piled, reinforced concrete secant and contiguous walls, where ground anchors are installed through a homogenous capping beam. Anchors offer the advantage of minimising horizontal movement without the need for temporary propping for large basement construction.
Ground anchors are typically installed into pre-drilled boreholes, although some are self-drilled hollow bar and grouted into place. Boreholes are formed using rotary bored and rotary percussive rigs, down-the-hole hammers and augers, depending on ground conditions. Multi-strand anchors are post-tensioned after installation and temporary anchors may be de-tensioned and removed. Double corrosion protection (DCP) are used where there is a requirement for an extended design life.
Ground anchors are often used in conjunction with retaining structures (contiguous or sheet piled retaining walls).